Disestablishment of the Church of England, meaning its formal separation from the state, is one of our primary objectives, and has been since our founding in 1866. There have been many proponents, religious and non-religious, or church-state separation, and there are a wide variety of motivations for supporting this reform.

Disestablishing the Church would mean ending the privileged position of the Church of England. It would also end the monarch's ex-officio role as Head of the Church.

The result of this would be that the Church would no longer have privileged input into government but also that government could not involve itself in the running of the Church; both sides would gain autonomy.

What’s the problem?

There are two official two state-recognised Christian denominations – the Church of England and the Presbyterian Church of Scotland. There is no established church in Northern Ireland or Wales but the 26 unelected bishops of the Church of England who sit in the House of Lords influence laws that affect the whole of the UK.

Establishment is an anachronism. The existence of a legally-enshrined, national religion and established church privileges one part of the population, one institution and one set of beliefs.

A national religion which retains archaic and unjust privileges is iniquitous to the rest of the population – the majority of which do not attend services of the Church of England. Even if a massive majority of people did share one religious view, that would still be no reason to impose that belief on the rest of society.

The Church of England has enjoyed significant privileges relating to "establishment" for many centuries. These religious privileges have remained largely unchanged despite the massive and continuing reduction in support for the Church in the UK. This decline can be measured in terms of membership, attendance and – in the wider context of what the Church describes as its "mission to the nation" – belief in God or Christianity. The serious decline started around three quarters of a century ago and has become more precipitous in recent decades. Realistically, this trend is irreversible for the foreseeable future, making the case for the Church of England's establishment unsustainable. The potential major split in the Church of England over sexuality issues only makes the case for disestablishment stronger.

It is inappropriate to have any 'national religion', and we believe a separation of church and state would be best for both.

There have been many proponents, religious and non-religious, for church-state separation, and there are a wide variety of motivations for supporting this reform. Removing all symbolic and institutional ties between government and religion is the only way to ensure equal treatment to citizens of all religions and none.

Disestablishment is right in principle and would be more representative of the changing landscape of religion and belief in the UK.

What are we doing?

  • Creating constitutional change is a significant task. Our approach is to identify strategic opportunities to weaken links between church and state, an example of which was our legal action over prayers in council meetings. We also seek to highlight the negative aspects of an established church both to shape public opinion and to maintain the pressure on Britain's elected representatives. We take every possible opportunity to emphasise the fact that a secular state offers the best means of ensuring freedom, tolerance and equality for all citizens, religious and non-religious alike.

  • In December 2017 we published a report outlining the current state of establishment, the arguments for disestablishment and the challenges involved in making this a reality.

What you can do:

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More information

Politicians promote secular democracy as the ideal form of government and answer for troubled countries around the world. It protects the rights of all, and limits the public role of religion in the state – one factor which causes tremendous levels of conflict around the world today.

Many assume that the UK is already a secular state. The country is largely non-religious, but that isn't the same thing. Our democracy still has many traces of religious privilege and influence, from prayers at the start of each day in Parliament to the monarch's title 'Defender of the Faith' and role as Supreme Governor of the Church of England.

A secular democracy is one where religious identities or organisations do not have a disproportionate or privileged influence in the governance of the nation. The state is not overly entangled in individuals' religious concerns.

Secular democracy is a component of liberal democracy (a system where democracy is balanced with protections for human rights and individual freedom, rather than simple majority-rule). Just as democracies can be more or less liberal, they can be more or less secular - with most sitting on a scale.

A secular democracy is the opposite of a theocracy (a system where the state's official religious beliefs or identity dictates all areas of governance). Because many states have evolved over time, many contain elements of both theocracy and secular democracy.

While you're here

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