Most new faith based charities do nothing but promote religion. Time to reform charity law
Posted: Tue, 19 Nov 2019 by Megan Manson
An Islamic organisation which condones extremist messages was among charities which registered on questionable grounds in October. The bar for religious groups to become charities is set too low, says Megan Manson.
Earlier this year, the National Secular Society published a report making a case for changing the way we register and regulate religious charities. At present, "the advancement of religion" is one of a dozen charitable purposes recognised in charity law, which means religious organisations are generally accepted automatically as charities by registrars.
The report also found that although all charities have a duty to demonstrate a public benefit, the bar for religious charities to fulfill this requirement is unduly low. In some cases religious charities even may support harmful activities, such as infant circumcision, 'gay conversion therapy' and non-stun animal slaughter. The report concluded that "the advancement of religion" should be removed as a charitable purpose, because religious charities that are providing a genuine public benefit (helping the homeless, relieving poverty etc.) can easily register under other charitable purposes.
In the past six months, we've found over half of all faith-based charities which registered listed 'religious activities' as their sole charitable object. This means that, on paper at least, the charities do nothing except engage in religious rituals and promote their religious ideology.
And then there are charities that are potentially harmful. Perhaps the most concerning religious charity that registered last month was Afghan Islamic and Culture Centre (AICC), which is based in London and exists to "advance the basic Islamic teachings" and improve "the conditions of life for the community, in particular the Afghan Muslim community".
On the AICC's homepage there's a list of links. One of these is to a website called Ask Imam. This is a sort of Islamic 'agony aunt' page where Muslims can get theological advice. In answer to a question posed by a Muslim teenage girl in the UK about homosexuality, it says: "Today their [non-Muslims'] objection against Islam is regarding the permissibility of execution of gays and tomorrow they will object against the execution of adulterers."
Ask Imam doesn't stop at condoning the execution of gay people. It also condones the execution of those who leave Islam.
And there's more. There's an ebook directly hosted on AICC's website which seems to condone the death penalty for Muslims – and, it seems, ex-Muslims – who don't pray enough:
"In truth, a habitual defaulter of the Namaz [daily prayer] is a sort of a rebel against God and deserves all the humiliation and punishment that may be meted out to him. According to some legists of Islam, a Muslim who rejects the Namaz is liable to be punished with death like an apostate."
Earlier this year, the NSS reported a number of Islamic charities to the Charity Commission for hosting or linking to extremist content such as this. One of these charities was linking to Ask Imam. The Charity Commission apparently engaged with these charities as their websites do not appear to be signposting extremist content any more, or have disappeared altogether.
But if a charity which links to the same extremist websites can register just months afterwards, it means lessons have not been learned. Charity regulators are not fully screening charities to ensure they aren't promoting harmful messages.
A few other charities which registered last month caught our attention – not because they are necessarily harmful, but because their public benefit is dubious. I'll let readers decide for themselves whether or not they think these charities are benefiting the British public:
- Al Kawther Trust - This charity, which operates solely in India, lists one of its objects as "promoting the teachings and tenets of Islam via the provision or assistance in the provision of Islamic seminaries and Islamic education classes".
- Bible Educational Services – Its sole charitable object is "to advance the Christian faith by publishing and distributing bible lessons for children and adults".
- Eastbourne Christian Resources – Runs a small Christian bookshop.
- GLO Europe– Its sole activities appear to be evangelising and training people to evangelise.
- Made For More – One of a growing number of Christian charities that evangelise to children in schools. Its resources are hardly balanced. Take a look at its Prejudice and Discrimination worksheet which frames "homosexual practices" as "mistakes".
As long as 'the advancement of religion' remains a charitable purpose, this problem of charities which bring questionable public benefits popping into existence will continue. As the UK grows less religious and more religiously diverse, we need a charitable sector that's fit for the times. A charity sector that grants such clear and undeserved privilege to religion just isn't cutting it.