Regulator can’t reject ‘controversial’ religious charities, says CEO
Posted: Tue, 08 Oct 2019
The National Secular Society has reiterated its call for reforms to charity law after a regulator said it was unable to refuse to register 'controversial' religious charities.
The chief executive of the Charity Commission for England and Wales said the regulator is "not able to refuse registration" to organisations recognised as "legally charitable".
At the Charity Commission's annual public meeting on Thursday, Helen Stephenson said: "If something is legally charitable, we have to put it on the register."
Stephenson made the statement in response to a question about whether "controversial" charities operating in the areas of religion or alternative medicine could be removed from the charity register.
She also suggested the commission should consider whether it needs more powers to allow it to refuse to register 'controversial' organisations as charities.
The NSS published a report making the case for removing 'the advancement of religion' as a charitable purpose in March. It is currently listed as one of 13 charitable purposes in the Charities Act 2011.
The NSS's report highlighted the harm done by charities which exist solely to advance religion, including those dedicated to infant genital cutting, non-stun slaughter of animals and gay 'conversion therapy'.
In response to Stephenson's remarks, NSS campaigns officer Megan Manson said: "It hasn't escaped public notice that many religious organisations most people wouldn't consider beneficial are registered charities.
"But the Charity Commission is crippled by the fact the advancement of religion is recognised as a charitable purpose in law. This has meant organisations which provide no public benefit, or which are actively harmful, have acquired charitable status because their purpose is religious.
"Removing the advancement of religion from the list of charitable purposes would be a significant step towards solving this issue. It would mean only those religious organisations that provide a genuine public benefit, such as fighting poverty or helping the homeless, would have the right to register as a charity, with all the tax breaks and other benefits this status confers."
In her remarks Stephenson also said the commission is also "not able to take charities off the register as a form of sanction".
But in 2015 the commission removed the Steadfast Trust from the register after a TV documentary revealed its members promoting white nationalism and far-right politics. The commission said the trust was "registered in error".
Two religious charities also featured in the same documentary, Islamic Education and Research Academy and Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh, were both revealed to be promoting extremist ideology but remain registered charities.
Recent NSS lobbying of Charity Commission
- The NSS wrote to the Charity Commission earlier this year to highlight its report calling for reform of charity law.
- In 2018 the NSS wrote to the commission to question the charitable status of the Islamic Research Foundation International (IRFI). IRFI funds Islamic TV channel Peace TV, which has been subject of six Ofcom investigations for potential breaches of broadcasting rules designed to protect audiences from "hate speech, offence and the incitement of crime".
- In June the NSS reported four Islamic charities to the commission for signposting extremist material on their websites.
Commission's handling of religion vs alternative medicine
- Charities registered under "the advancement of religion" do not have to demonstrate tangible public benefits. In contrast, in 2018 the commission released guidance stating alternative medicine charities must provide "robust medical evidence" that their treatments provide a benefit.