Chancellor urges caution around use of word ‘Islamophobia’
Posted: Thu, 03 Oct 2019
The chancellor of the exchequer Sajid Javid has said he does not use the word 'Islamophobia' because of its capacity to shut down legitimate criticism of religion.
The National Secular Society has said the government should heed Javid's comments, which came in a BBC Radio 4 interview on Monday, as it considers its strategy on anti-Muslim hatred.
He said the government would hold an inquiry into defining 'Islamophobia' – but noted that he preferred the term "anti-Muslim hate crime".
"Sometimes when some people talk about 'Islamophobia', sometimes some people mean that you shouldn't criticise or shouldn't have the ability to criticise a religion – not people, but a religion.
"And I think in our free society anyone should be able to talk about any religion... respectfully, but to say I don't agree with that religion. That's up to them.
"But attacking someone if they are a Muslim is completely, utterly unacceptable. So, it's 'anti-Muslim hate crime'."
Backlash against Tory conference event
His comments came amid a furious backlash against an event at the Conservative party conference where 'Islamophobia' was debated on Sunday.
In an opinion piece in The Guardian, Tory peer Sayeeda Warsi claimed the meeting 'Challenging "Islamophobia"' had become "a Muslim-bashing fest" and described it as "disingenuous, divisive and peppered with dog whistles".
She also noted: "Being named 'Islamophobe of the year' was joked about by panellists as if it were a badge to be worn with pride."
This echoed sentiments she had expressed in a viral tweet shortly after the event.
The president of the National Union of Students, Zamzam Ibrahim, pulled out of the conference after the event, claiming she was "horrified" by the panel's "dangerous rhetoric" . Her decision generated substantial press coverage.
But accounts of the event suggested its critics had significantly misrepresented it.
The panellists Trevor Phillips and Peter Tatchell – an NSS honorary associate – had joked about the 'Islamophobe of the Year' award handed out by the Islamic Human Rights Commission (IHRC).
In a letter to The Guardian, Tatchell said every panellist had condemned anti-Muslim prejudice and added that he had made "concrete proposals to protect Muslims against discrimination and hate crime".
He added: "Two of us questioned parliament's sweeping definition of Islamophobia as a potential threat to free speech. That's all."
Warsi is a high-profile advocate of a proposed definition of 'Islamophobia' from all-party parliamentary group (APPG) on British Muslims. The NSS opposes the definition.
NSS spokesperson Chris Sloggett said this week's developments highlighted "the potential pitfalls that the government faces amid increasing pressure to define 'Islamophobia'".
"Sajid Javid is right to distinguish between criticism of religion and hatred of people based on their religion. The government must note that distinction carefully as it considers its strategy for tackling anti-Muslim hatred.
"The 'Challenging Islamophobia' event appears to have seen a largely reasonable critique of the threat posed to free expression by a definition of 'Islamophobia'. The fact it was widely dismissed as 'Muslim-bashing' is a stark illustration of the very threat to free speech the panellists were warning about."
- The government rejected calls to adopt the APPG definition of 'Islamophobia' in May. It has said it will come up with its own definition.
- The NSS has lobbied the government and local authorities and urged them not to adopt the APPG definition. In December the society wrote to Sajid Javid, who was the home secretary at the time, over the issue in a letter co-signed by six other activists.
Image: Sajid Javid, © Department for Business, Innovation and Skills [CC BY-ND 2.0]